Assam’s wide range of fishing gear


Assam’s pure wealth has given it many rivers, tributaries, wetlands (beel), swamps and ponds. This makes fishing an integral a part of Assamese tradition. The individuals of the state have principally non-vegetarian meals habits, rice and fish curry being a favorite mixture. As an alternative of shopping for fish from {the marketplace}, many in Assam wish to fetch it from close by ponds and rivers. Additionally they practise a wide range of fishing methods utilizing a variety of nets and equipment. A lot of the gear is made with bamboo and cane, and bought on the haats (weekly markets) in villages and small cities. Villagers, particularly, are adept at fishing they usually promote part of their catch on the markets.

The selection of fishing gear and approach depends upon a number of components: Season, form of the waterbody and the kind of fish, as an example. In Assam, group fishing is a convention that sees villagers collect round a beel with nets and traps. On an peculiar day, individuals from over 20 villages come collectively for fishing. Throughout festivals, the variety of individuals can develop to 1000’s. That is when one will get to see the entire gamut of nets and traps in use (see illustrations) — polo, jakoi, juluki, koilengi jal, saloni and so forth.

Neighborhood fishing is very in style within the days following floods — a typical incidence in Assam throughout monsoon — and harvest. Males, ladies and kids participate in it enthusiastically. On the eve of Magh or Bhogali Bihu, the harvest competition celebrated in January-February, villagers get pleasure from a feast dominated by dishes made with fish from the wetlands.

The sorts of fish, large and small, out there within the area are innumerable, however among the many extra in style are borali (a type of catfish), xol (snakehead murrel), puthi (a small freshwater fish) and bhangan (small fish of the carp household).

Fishing isn’t just an Assamese custom. Additionally it is a lifeline for the village craftsman whose solely earnings comes from the sale of fishing gear.

Textual content, photographs and illustrations by Partha Pratim Sharma

Go fish!

  • Assam practises 5 strategies — fishing with nets, traps and hooks, other than fishing by filtering and dewatering.
  • Beneath is an inventory of the gear and methods in use:
  • Nets (jal)
  • 1. Ashra jal (casting or throwing internet)
  • 2. Koilengi jal (gill internet)
  • 3. Parangee or tongi jal (carry internet)
  • 4. Thela jal or ghokata jal (push or scooping internet)
  • 5. Tana jal (drag internet)
  • 6. Chack jal (spherical round internet)
  • Traps (fanda)
  • 1. Chepa (basket or cage lure)
  • 2. Chahara (conical lure)
  • 3. Polo (cowl pot)
  • 4. Juluki (additionally a canopy pot)
  • 5. Jakoi (conical basket)
  • 6. Bana (wall lure)
  • 7. Saloni (filter lure)
  • 8. Sunga (pipe lure)
  • 9. Dingara (field lure)
  • 10. Dalanga / jhapa (parallel barrier lure)
  • Hooks (barashi)
  • 1. Single hook
  • 2. A number of hooks
  • 3. Line or floating hook
  • 4. Fastened hook
  • 5. Wheeled hook
  • Different instruments (sajuli)
  • 1. Jathi (spear)
  • 2. Soli (harpoon)
  • 4. Konch (additionally a harpoon)
  • Dewatering (sicha)
  • 1. Siyani
  • 2. Tin basket
  • 3. Mechanical water pump


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