Nigeria reels from twin crises that threaten food availability


Mal Shehu Ladan took a ship throughout what was, till this month, a rising rice paddy. Now, like hundreds of hectares of rice in Nigeria’s Kebbi state, it’s underneath water.

“Nearly all my farm has been flooded. I didn’t harvest any rice,” Ladan advised Reuters. “It’s going to be devastating.”

Floods early this month throughout northwest Nigeria destroyed 90% of the 2 million tons that Kebbi state officers anticipated to reap this autumn, the top of the state department of the Rice Farmers Affiliation of Nigeria advised Reuters. The loss quantities to some 20% of the rice Nigeria grew final 12 months, and the waters are nonetheless rising.

Farther south, outdoors Nigeria’s capital Abuja, hen farmer Hippolite Adigwe can also be anxious. A scarcity of maize pressured him to promote most of his flock of greater than 1 000 birds, and the 300 left are hungry. Rooster feed costs have greater than doubled, and he isn’t positive how lengthy he can cope.

Covid provides to problems

Twin crises, floods and maize shortages, come simply after motion restrictions and financing difficulties brought on by Covid-19 containment measures difficult spring planting.

Some farmers and economists say it might push Nigeria, Africa’s most populous nation, right into a meals disaster. Rice is the nation’s staple grain, and hen is a core protein. “There’s a actual concern of getting meals shortages,” Arc Kabir Ibrahim, president of the All Farmers Affiliation of Nigeria advised Reuters.

“The impact on the meals system goes to be colossal.”

Nigeria took roughly 4 000 tons of millet and sorghum from the regional financial bloc’s (ECOWAS) strategic shares final month and launched 30 000 tons of its personal maize. It additionally gave 4 corporations particular permission to import maize.

The distinguished Nigerian Financial Summit Group has referred to as for “an entire overhaul” of agriculture coverage.

Issues accessing international change to import meals are including to shortages. In July, the central financial institution added maize to an inventory of things for which importers are banned from utilizing its {dollars}. Rice and fertiliser have been already on the record, together with different objects that Nigeria desires made regionally.

Final week, whilst meals costs spiked, President Muhammadu Buhari vowed that not one cent of central financial institution {dollars} would go to meals or fertiliser imports, as Nigeria would proceed encouraging native farmers over imports.

Importers can use {dollars} from pricier parallel markets. However these are robust to seek out attributable to an oil worth crash that has reduce Nigeria’s core supply of international change.

Switching grains

Rice costs had already risen considerably attributable to a land border closure final 12 months that aimed to stamp out smuggling and increase native manufacturing.

Peter Clubb of the Worldwide Grains Council mentioned the spike drove shoppers to eat maize as a substitute. This, together with a disappointing crop late final 12 months and the international change points, boosted maize costs to 180 000 naira per ton from round 70 000 naira in March.

Farmers say that buyers grappling with inflation, the primary hike in gasoline costs since 2016 and an influence worth spike can solely pay a lot extra for meals.

Ayodeji Balogun, chief government at commodities change Afex, mentioned the central financial institution’s lending scheme for farmers has considerably expanded output, and may work long run.

However the coming months might be robust. Fertiliser costs hit a file after a Covid-19 outbreak shut down nation’s sole urea plant for 2 weeks, which means extra farmers will skip fertilisers, limiting crop yields.

“The worst is but to occur,” Balogun mentioned. “It’s a drawback throughout grains.”

Buhari has pledged extra help, and Agriculture Minister Muhammed Sabo Nanono visited the northwest space this weekend and promised to supply farmers with high-quality seeds and to arrange a particular committee to make sure they’ve all they should plant new crops as quickly as attainable.

Adigwe, the hen farmer, mentioned he thinks barring international meals to be able to assist farmers shouldn’t be a nasty concept, however “there are some elements that weren’t thought-about”.

“Can native manufacturing maintain the inhabitants of Nigeria?”


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